Gamcha is a handloom cloth woven in northeastern India, and its name is often associated with towels. Cotton cloth with a combination of checks and stripes, especially red and white, is thrown over the shoulder, strapped to the head or waist, and serves as a towel, a sun shield, and even a sheet for most... Continue Reading →


The traditional dupatta is worn in a lot of different places throughout South Asia. The nivil, vasas, and adhivasa were three types of garments worn in Vedic India. Adivasa was a type of garment similar to the modern-day dupatta. The dupatta was worn by both men and women in Vedic times, contrary to popular belief.... Continue Reading →

Puthiya of Rajasthan

Puthias are a type of upper garment worn by both men and women in Rajasthan. Newborns, young unmarried girls, elderly women, and widows all wear it. Puthia represents a period of a woman's life when she is fertile but not sexual. As a result, a Rajasthani dress is only worn after a girl reaches puberty,... Continue Reading →

Evolution of Stitched Garment in India

5000 years ago, people in India were using textile to cover their bodies; this was during India's earliest civilization (Indus valley civilization). A priest wearing a printed shawl is depicted in a fragmented sculpture from the Mohenjodaro civilization (Fig.3). Cotton grown locally has long been the most common fabric used in Indian clothing. India was... Continue Reading →

Kurta/ Kameez

The kurta is a kind of shirt or tunic with long or half sleeves and buttoned up at the centre on the chest. It is generally made up of straight panels of fabric stitched together at the selvedges to form a tunic to which wide sleeves are attached at right angles. Kurta was an over-garment... Continue Reading →

The European Smock

In North Europe, Smocks have been worn by rural labourers as protective overgarments for hundreds of years. Smocks are worn over the wearer’s clothes, as can be seen in the photograph of a young farm labourer in Norfolk (Fig 1.)Cotton is usually used, mostly twill, also known as 'drabbet' or linen to make the garment.... Continue Reading →


Several communities mainly Rabari in Gujarat and Rajasthan wear kediyun, a smock with long sleeves tied at the side panel. Its length, cut, and surface decoration is determined by the caste, age, and status of the wearer. This garment is designed to allow free movement of the arms and legs, ensuring that the wearer does... Continue Reading →


The word 'angrakha' comes from the Sanskrit word 'angrakshak,' which means 'body armour protector.' Angrakha began to be used to describe upper garments in the same way that jama, a Persian term for torso cloth or clothing, was used to describe lower garments. Muslin, brocade, velvet, and quilted cotton were among the fabrics used for... Continue Reading →

The Mughal Jama

The jama was introduced to India by the Persians in the 16th century as an outer garment for formal occasions. Around 1800, it was gradually replaced by the angrakha, but it was not completely eradicated. The Jama's full-sleeved upper body is one of its most distinguishing features. Strings tie one side of the garment to... Continue Reading →

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